What does coupon payment mean

Economics: Principles in Action. New York Times. Retrieved Bond market.

Accounting Topics

Bond Debenture Fixed income. Accrual bond Auction rate security Callable bond Commercial paper Consol Contingent convertible bond Convertible bond Exchangeable bond Extendible bond Fixed rate bond Floating rate note High-yield debt Inflation-indexed bond Inverse floating rate note Perpetual bond Puttable bond Reverse convertible securities Zero-coupon bond.

Asset-backed security Collateralized debt obligation Collateralized mortgage obligation Commercial mortgage-backed security Mortgage-backed security. Categories : Bonds finance. Regardless of the type of investment you select, saving regularly and reinvesting your interest income can turn even modest amounts of money into sizable investments through the remarkable power of compounding.

Coupon payments financial definition of Coupon payments

Accrued interest is the interest that adds up accrues each day between coupon payments. If you sell a bond before it matures or buy a bond in the secondary market, you most likely will catch the bond between coupon payment dates. If you're selling, you're entitled to the price of the bond, plus the accrued interest that the bond has earned up to the sale date. The buyer compensates you for this portion of the coupon interest, which is generally handled by adding the amount to the contract price of the bond.

Use our Accrued Interest Calculator to figure out a bond's accrued interest.

Coupon Payment

But a bond's price is subject to market forces and often fluctuates above or below par. If you sell a bond before it matures, you may not receive the full principal amount of the bond and will not receive any remaining interest payments. This is because a bond's price is not based on the par value of the bond.

Instead, the bond's price is established in the secondary market and fluctuates. As a result, the price may be more or less than the amount of principal and the remaining interest the issuer would be required to pay you if you held the bond to maturity.


If a bond trades above par, it is said to trade at a premium. If a bond trades below par, it is said to trade at a discount. For example, if the bond you desire to purchase has a fixed interest rate of 8 percent, and similar-quality new bonds available for sale have a fixed interest rate of 5 percent, you will likely pay more than the par amount of the bond that you intend to purchase, because you will receive more interest income than the current interest rate 5 percent being attached to similar bonds.

Learn more about our updates. Give Us Feedback. Create your own user feedback survey. Login Newsletters. Bonds Fixed Income Essentials. What Is a Coupon Rate? Key Takeaways A coupon rate is the yield paid by a fixed-income security. When a market ticks up and is more favorable, the coupon holder will yield less than the prevailing market conditions as the bond will not pay more, as its value was determined at issuance.

Coupon vs Yield

The yield to maturity is when a bond is purchased on the secondary market, and is the difference in the bond's interest payments, which may be higher or lower than the bond's coupon rate when it was issued. Compare Investment Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Terms Closed-End Indenture A closed-end indenture is a term in a bond contract which guarantees that the collateral used to back the bond is not backing another bond.

Bond valuation is a technique for determining the theoretical fair value of a particular bond. Understanding Bonds A bond is a fixed income investment in which an investor loans money to an entity corporate or governmental that borrows the funds for a defined period of time at a fixed interest rate. Bond Discount Bond discount is the amount by which the market price of a bond is lower than its principal amount due at maturity. Bond Yield Definition Bond yield is the amount of return an investor will realize on a bond, calculated by dividing its face value by the amount of interest it pays.

Bonds - Coupon and Market Rates Differ

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